It is an old city and its fortified wall structure proves this. Modern Kairouan trades in grain and livestock that are raised in the surrounding region, and it is an important carpet and handicrafts centre. Kairouan is defined as the holiest city of Tunisia, being the oldest Islamic settlement, having the oldest mosque in North Africa and the world’s oldest minaret.. Welcome to Tunisia! The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر ‎), also known as the Mosque of Uqba (جامع عقبة بن نافع), is a mosque situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia and is one of the most impressive and largest Islamic monuments in North Africa.. The web service Alexandria is granted from Memodata for the Ebay search. It has earned the name "City of 100 Mosques". Get picked up from your accommodation by your professional driver and English-speaking guide and head to Kairouan. It is th religious hart of Tunisia, with over 100 mosques. It may not have been reviewed by professional editors (see full disclaimer). Subsequently, the town served (with Mahdia [Al-Mahdiyyah]) as the political centre through the Fāṭimid and Zīrid dynasties into the 11th century, becoming one of the great administrative, commercial, religious, and intellectual centres of Islam. It was chosen as the capital of the Maghrib by the first Aghlabid ruler about 800. Omissions? The Great Mosque of Kairouan (Arabic: جامع القيروان الأكبر‎) is situated in the UNESCO World Heritage town of Kairouan, Tunisia. Updates? The Great Mosque of Kairouan is recognized as one of the most significant religious places in Islam. You can also try the grid of 16 letters. A windows (pop-into) of information (full-content of Sensagent) triggered by double-clicking any word on your webpage. Company Information Kairouan in British English. Kairouan is particularly famous for its carpets and visiting a shop is an integral and sometimes unexpected part of experiencing the city. Kairouan - WordReference English dictionary, questions, discussion and forums. A heavy red pencil line demarcates the "zone à inscrire". A city in northeastern Tunisia; population 117,900 (est. Get XML access to fix the meaning of your metadata. This file is licensed under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share Alike 3.0 Unported license. Kairouan grew in size and beauty and no where was this more evident than in the construction and continuing elaboration of its Great Mosque. The old city of Kairouan was designated a UNESCO World Heritage site in 1988. Façade of the Mosque of the Three Gates with its minaret. Pop. The Great Mosque of Kairouan . The English word games are: Europa Publications “General Survey: Holy Places”. As such, it assumed the important function of representing a cosmopolitan and urbane Kairouan, one of the first cities organized under Muslim rule in North Africa. It is the site of some of the earliest mosques, and became a center of Islamic law. KAIROUAN. It is reputed that seven visits here are the equivilent of one to Mecca. As a result of Bedouin incursions in the 11th century, the decline of steppe cultivation in favour of nomadic life, and the rise of Tunis as capital, Kairouan declined into an isolated market town for nomads. Kairouan, also spelled Al-Qayrawān, Qairouan, or Kairouan, town located in north-central Tunisia. ○   Boggle. Find out more. Europa Publications Limited (30 October 2003). Founded in 670, Kairouan flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the 9th century. Most English definitions are provided by WordNet . For about four centuries it was the government center and the capital of the *Aghlabids, the *Fatimids (until 969), and the *Zirid emirs, and the meeting place of commerce of East and West. Kairouan is a city in Tunisia. Despite the transfer of the political capital to Tunis in the 12th century AD, Kairouan remained the Maghreb's principal holy city.Its rich architectural heritage includes the Great Mosque, with its marble and porphyry columns, and the 9th-century Mosque of the Three Gates. Eco, Cookies help us deliver our services. Kairouan synonyms, Kairouan pronunciation, Kairouan translation, English dictionary definition of Kairouan. Considered the fourth-holiest site in Islam because of the presence of the Great Mosque (the oldest in North Africa), it feels worlds away … To make squares disappear and save space for other squares you have to assemble English words (left, right, up, down) from the falling squares. or n a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Tips: browse the semantic fields (see From ideas to words) in two languages to learn more. ), http://books.google.com/books?id=f6xyAAAAMAAJ, "Location and origin of the name of Kairouan", http://www.isesco.org.ma/english/capitalsIslamic/2009/kairouan2009/p2.php, http://books.google.com/books?id=pP315Mw3S9EC&pg=PA150, Towards a Strategic Geopolitic Vision of Afro-Arab Relations, "Tunisia News – Sufi Song Festival starts in Kairouan", http://news.marweb.com/tunisia/entertainment/sufi-song-festival-kairouan.txt, http://www.kairouan.org/en/decouverte/Histoiredekairouan/lagrandemosquee.htm, "Great Mosque of Kairouan (Qantara mediterranean heritage)", http://www.qantara-med.org/qantara4/public/index.php, http://books.google.fr/books?id=IaM9AAAAIAAJ&pg=PA104&dq=kairouan+mosque+the+ancestor+of&cd=1#v=onepage&q=kairouan%20mosque%20the%20ancestor%20of&f=false, Mausoleum of Sidi Sahbi (Qantara Mediterranean heritage), Panoramic virtual tour of Kairouan medina, http://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Kairouan&oldid=498811746, Populated places established in the 7th century, two large water reservoirs called "Aghlabid basins". Get XML access to reach the best products. Dr. Ray Harris; Khalid Koser (30 August 2004). Founded in 670, Kairouan in present-day Tunisia flourished under the Aghlabid dynasty in the 9th century AD. ○   Lettris Kairouan is a city in central Tunisia and is the 4th holiest city according to Islamic religion. Kairouan, Al Qayrawan, Kairwan, or Kayrawan, an inland city of about 160,000 people in north-central Tunisia, is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and North Africa's most holy city. English Encyclopedia is licensed by Wikipedia (GNU). By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. Change the target language to find translations. But there is more to the story: In 670, the general of the invading Arab forces, Oqba bin Nafi, found a golden cup in the sands here, a golden cup that he had lost in the holy well of Zamzam in Mecca a few years earlier. AU Headquarters, Addis Ababa, 11–12 May 2004, an offensive content(racist, pornographic, injurious, etc. English thesaurus is mainly derived from The Integral Dictionary (TID). Carpets are graded by their fineness, the number of knots in a square metre, with a normal weave from 10,000 to 40,000, fine weave from 65,000-90,000 and extra fine from 160,000 - 500,000. Contact Us Director, Centre for Advanced Study of African Societies, Cape Town, South Africa. (2004) 117,903. Corrections? A road and railway link it with Sousse (Sūsah), 38 miles (61 km) to the east. All Free. It also served as the site of a famous medical research centre for both Jews and Muslims in the medieval period. 72,254. Pop: 124 000 n. a city in NE Tunisia: a holy city of Islam. (125 km.) The town has expanded rapidly with the establishment of a university and some light industry. Each square carries a letter. We are proud to add one of the most important monuments of Islam and Africa to our ever-growing collection. The town served as the camp from which the offensive was launched that resulted in the Islamic political and religious subjugation of the Maghrib (northwest Africa). Despite the transfer of the political capital to Tunis in the 12th century, Kairouan remained the Maghreb's principal holy city. Architectural and historical jewels like this are relatively unknown in the West, so we want to share it with everyone. : You are free: to share – to copy, distribute and transmit the work; to remix – to adapt the work; Under the following conditions: attribution – You must give appropriate credit, provide a link to the license, and indicate if changes were made. Lettris is a curious tetris-clone game where all the bricks have the same square shape but different content. KAIROUAN (Qairuwān) Tunisian town situated 77 mi. Referred to as the Islamic Cultural Capital, it is a UNESCO World Heritage site . It can also be referred to as Mosque of Uqba Ibn Nafi, in honor of its original founder. Choose the design that fits your site. Tourism has also begun to make an impact, notably fueling the conservation of the old city and the development of the town’s Musée d’Art Islamique. The mosque has great importance historically because it is the first mosque in the first Muslim town in the West. Encyclopaedia Britannica's editors oversee subject areas in which they have extensive knowledge, whether from years of experience gained by working on that content or via study for an advanced degree.... Be on the lookout for your Britannica newsletter to get trusted stories delivered right to your inbox. Kairouan (Arabic: القيروان ‎) (cried Kirwan or Al Qayrawan an aa), is the caipital o the Kairouan Governorate in Tunisie.Referred tae as the Islamic Cultural Caipital, it is a UNESCO Warld Heritage site.The ceety wis foondit bi the Arabs aroond 670. By using our services, you agree to our use of cookies. One of Islam’s holy cities, it was the first capital of the Maghreb. Pop: 124 000 (2005 est) Collins English Dictionary. Originally built by Sīdī ʿUqbah in the 7th century, the present mosque is the fifth mosque built on the site and dates from Aghlabid times. Copyright © HarperCollins Publishers. Tunis, Kairouan & Carthage by Graham Petrie, 1908, W. Heinemann edition, in English S. of *Tunis.Kairouan was founded in 670 by ʿUqbaibn Nāfiʿ, the Arab conqueror of North Africa. Application de livraison a domicile pour le restaurant Delice Food Kairouan Tunisie  |  2004). All rights reserved. (French kɛrwɑ̃), Kairwan or Qairwan (kaɪəˈwɑːn ) noun. Full description. Privacy policy ○   Anagrams Arabic القيروان (also known as Kairwan, Kayrawan, Al Qayrawan) is a Muslim holy city which ranks fourth after Mecca, Medina and Jerusalem as a place of pilgrimage. Give contextual explanation and translation from your sites ! Kairouan (Arabic: القيروان ‎ Al Qairawān), also known as Kirwan or al-Qayrawan, is the capital of the Kairouan Governorate in Tunisia. On Some Manuscripts in the Libraries of Kairouan and Tunis by: Schacht, J. Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article (requires login). Kairouan has always been a place popular with travellers, whether here for trade or the purposes of religious pilgrimage. Outside the town is the zāwiyah (seat of a religious fraternity) of Sīdī Sahab, containing the tomb of one of the companions of Muhammad, and an Aghlabid reservoir, an open circular pool 420 feet (128 metres) in diameter dating from the 9th century. Kairouan definition, a city in NE Tunisia: a holy city of Islam. Kairouan’s rampart-enclosed medina (75 acres [30 hectares]) contains the Great Mosque, with a 115-foot- (35-metre-) high minaret. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. The Maliki school of Islam emerged there, as clerics challenged the personal and political excesses of the Aghlabid emirs. Tradition holds that the town was founded in 670 by ʿUqbah ibn Nāfiʿ (Sīdī ʿUqbah), a companion of the Prophet Muhammad, on the site of the Byzantine fortress of Kamouinia. See if you can get into the grid Hall of Fame ! a city in NE Tunisia: one of the holy cities of Islam; pilgrimage and trading centre. Letters must be adjacent and longer words score better. Kairouan, also spelled Al-Qayrawān, Qairouan, or Kairouan, town located in north-central Tunisia.The town, one of the holy cities of Islam, lies on the Basse Steppe (Low Steppes), a semiarid alluvial plain southeast of the Central Tell. Kairouan Tourism: Tripadvisor has 1,942 reviews of Kairouan Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Kairouan resource. This was originally a paper submitted to the African Union (AU) Experts’ Meeting on a Strategic Geopolitic Vision of Afro-Arab Relations. ○   Wildcard, crossword UNESCO World Heritage Site (Kairouan, masterpiece of human creative genius, on developments in architecture or technology, monumental arts, town-planning or landscape design, unique to a cultural tradition, traditional human settlement or land-use, cultural object with outstanding universal significance, 1988–) Published: (1996) Site of Carthage, Coordinates: 35°40′N 10°06′E / 35.667°N 10.1°E / 35.667; 10.1, This entry is from Wikipedia, the leading user-contributed encyclopedia. Prime religious building is the Great Mosque, which is nearly 13 centuries old (though it has been almost destroyed and rebuilt at least twice). Boggle gives you 3 minutes to find as many words (3 letters or more) as you can in a grid of 16 letters. With a SensagentBox, visitors to your site can access reliable information on over 5 million pages provided by Sensagent.com. Mosque of Ansar, dating, according to the tradition, to 667 but totally renewed in 1650. Explore the city and learn firsthand about the history of the first Muslim metropolis in the Maghreb. Kairouan is the fourth most holy city of the Muslim faith and as such a major destination for pilgrimage, The history and Mosques in the city and the long history of Kairouan have seen it become a UNESCO World Heritage site. Designated a UNESCO World Heritage site, it conceals several marvels: the medina, the venerable Great Mosque, the Aghlabid Basins, the stunning mausoleum of Sidi Saheb decorated with ceramic tiles… Decisions; 2010 Away from the coast, in a landscape of steppes, Kairouan is a fascinating city still anchored in a distant past. Published: (1967) THE MEANING OF THE GREAT MOSQUE OF CORDOBA IN THE TENTH CENTURY by: Khoury, Nuha N.N. From the 11th century onward, however, Kairouan ceased to be the capital of Arab Ifriqiya. Français : Vue intérieure du portique situé du côté occidental de la cour de la Grande Mosquée de Kairouan, en Tunisie. The wordgames anagrams, crossword, Lettris and Boggle are provided by Memodata. Kairouan - carte de la modification mineure des limites approuvée: 1988 Detail from: “Medina de Kairouan”, blueline print, French and Arabic, scale 1:50,000, 70 x 70 cm. Introduction Edit. Add new content to your site from Sensagent by XML. Description English: Interior view of the portico located on the western side of the courtyard of the Great Mosque of Kairouan, in Tunisia. The Great Mosque of Kairouan was a public structure, set along roads that served a city with a vibrant commercial, educational, and religious life. The SensagentBox are offered by sensAgent. This article was most recently revised and updated by, https://www.britannica.com/place/Kairouan. See more.  | Last modifications, Copyright © 2012 sensagent Corporation: Online Encyclopedia, Thesaurus, Dictionary definitions and more. The town, one of the holy cities of Islam, lies on the Basse Steppe (Low Steppes), a semiarid alluvial plain southeast of the Central Tell.  | 

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